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How to start a departmental store – Kirana shop

how to start a departmental store

India has the potential to assist you in realizing your entire entrepreneurial dream. To be sure, you do not need a superior education from prestigious institutions or vast financial resources to make your idea a reality. All that is required is a burning desire, a strong work ethic, and a little quantity of money. This way, you may quickly earn a reputation and a large quantity of money.

You could be perplexed as to what this business endeavour entails. Kirana shops are the lifeline of each Indian community and one of the few businesses where a fancy Master’s degree from a famous university is not required. Even though a Kirana store does not have a specific target audience, competition is generally severe due to its enormous market presence. 

What is a departmental store?

Kirana shops are department stores in Indian communities that act as a hub for residents to purchase food and other needs. Establishing a Kirana business is a simple process that requires no special skills or knowledge. Anyone with sufficient funds can start their own Kirana store and sell anything.

Additionally, because Kirana stores provide basic products for nearly every family, income creation is virtually guaranteed, despite the presence of local competition. A Kirana shop is a department store in India that doubles as a community store. Rice, wheat, veggies, spices, shampoos, and other everyday household items are available. The size of the company is decided by the capital invested; it might be a little shop selling daily rations or a mini-mart where customers select their own items.

How much investment is required to start a departmental store in India?

A department store with an average floor space of 2000 square feet earns a daily profit of approximately 3000 rupees, with a profit margin of around 7% on sales of around INR 40,000, according to data. This adds up to INR 60,000 to INR 90,000 in monthly profits over time. A firm like this requires an initial investment of 10 to 30 lakh rupees. Joining an established department store franchise in India costs approximately 20 lakhs for a 1000sq.ft basic shop, or even less than the previously mentioned 10 lakh investment if the firm is spaced under a 500sq.ft area coverage.

Steps involved to start a departmental store Kirana shop

A step-by-step approach to opening a successful Kirana store in India may be found here:

  1. A well-thought-out company plan

No firm can thrive for an extended period of time without a well-thought-out business strategy. To properly price their products, one must first determine their target market and the average income in the area they serve. Additionally, you’ll need to determine how many employees you’ll require for shipping, packing, and other areas of your company.

  1.  Locating the location

To begin your Kirana Company, you must first pick an appropriate site. One should select an ideal location that is both freely accessible to the general public and secure. Additionally, you should search for a location with little competition and great exposure for your business. This is a very important factor that you must consider.

  1. Financial Investment Requirement

Consider the costs of commodities, employees, suppliers, and upkeep before making an investment decision. The financial requirements vary according to whether you want to open a small business or acquire a franchise.

  1. Registration and licensing

Upon determining the size and scope of your business, you may proceed to complete the necessary legal papers. A Kirana shop requires the following registrations:

  • Shops and Establishments Registration
  • A license to sell food is necessary.
  • Entity Registration.
  • GST (Gross Domestic Product and Services Tax) (optional).

If the annual income of your Kirana business exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs, you must register for GST and obtain a GSTIN, or 15-digit unique identification identifier.

  1. Inventories

Decide what products and brands you want to sell before you start managing your inventory. By visiting your neighbourhood department store, you may view the best-selling goods. You may purchase through a distributor or directly from the wholesaler, which may be more expensive. Additionally, you may keep track of your goods with online accounting software for businesses. This simplifies the process of integrating digital receipts and payments far more than it would be if done manually.

  1. Choosing the Most Appropriate Vendor

After deciding on the things to offer, select the appropriate vendor based on specified criteria. You want a provider who can deliver high-quality products on schedule. Your inventory should ideally last 2-4 weeks. Additionally, you may appeal to a niche segment of consumers by selling seasonal goods in addition to in-demand items. Dairy and fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) items such as soaps, detergents, and cosmetics offer large profit margins; however, caution is required with dairy products, and the first-in, first-out rule must be followed.

  1. Do your homework for your competition.

Visit adjacent department shops or supermarkets to get a sense of the operations and management style. Make mental notes on the store’s layout and the brands that are most usually available. Look for fresh chances and ideas.

  1. Additional services

People like being handled with respect, even more so if they intend to purchase at a certain store regularly. You may choose to examine how you may set yourself apart from neighbouring competitors, from home delivery services to a beautifully constructed shop. Investigate the activities of other Kirana locations in the vicinity, recognize a chance, and grasp it with both hands.

  1. Additional services

People like being handled with respect, even more so if they intend to purchase at a certain store regularly. You may choose to examine how you may set yourself apart from neighbouring competitors, from home delivery services to a beautifully constructed shop. Investigate the activities of other Kirana locations in the vicinity, recognize a chance, and grasp it with both hands.

FAQs related to departmental store/ Kirana shop

  1. Is Kirana’s business profitable?

Yes, the Kirana store business is profitable in the long term. Starting on a smaller market will give you a chance to experience market conditions and limit your chances of failure which will help you in identifying different ways to enhance your profit. 

  1. How do Kirana stores operate?

Inventories for Kirana stores are purchased on credit, sold later, and repaid to the distributor when profit margins are known. 

• Wholesalers and retailers purchase and sell commodities on a week-to-week credit basis, whereas huge conglomerates do not.

  1. In India, how many Kirana stores are there?

According to different records and estimates, there are approximately 12 million Kirana shops in India. It is one of India’s most profitable enterprises.

  1. What is the most effective method for starting an online Kirana store?

Due to the numerous steps involved in the beginning and operating an internet business, it is preferable to go digital rather than deal with eCommerce sites. You will be able to find free apps or departmental store software that enable you to take your business online. This will help in enabling the following tasks easily without much effort.

  • Create a catalogue.
  • WhatsApp may be used to transfer images and data.
  • Notify customers of upcoming payments and reminders.
  • Maintain daily records of your sales.
  • Utilize a user-friendly user interface.
  • You will love the convenience of the various language selections.

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