What is GSTR 9C?
GSTR-9C is a statement of reconciliation between:
- the Annual Returns in GSTR 9 filed for a Financial Year, and
- the figures according to the audited annual Financial Statements of the taxpayer.
It is often viewed like a tax audit report prepared under the Income-tax act. According to the books reconciled with the individual figures, it comprises the gross and taxable turnover per the integration of all GST returns for a financial year.
Henceforth, any distinctions emerging from this reconciliation are reported in GSTR-9C with their corresponding explanations. Each GSTIN should have the affirmed statements. Similarly, you can file more than one GSTR-9C form for a PAN.
Who can file GSTR 9C is it meant for?
GSTR-9C should be prepared and certified by a Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant. You have to file it on the GST portal or through a facilitation agency by the taxpayer, alongside different documents such as the duplicate of the Audited Accounts and Annual Return in form GSTR-9. It applies to each taxpayer who should get their Annual Accounts audited under the GST laws.
myBillBook makes it easier to file the GSTR 9C forms as it offers you a detailed report of all the information you need to fill in the form.
Audit under GST applies to those registered people whose Annual total turnover surpasses rupees two crores (subject to change as per CBIC’s discretion) in that fiscal year. Further, according to CBIC’s CGST notification number 09/2020 dated 16th March 2020, all foreign companies in the aircraft business (compliant with the applicable provisions and rules of the Companies Act, 2013) are excluded from the GSTR-9C requirement.
Additionally, non-residents and those providing OIDAR services in India to unregistered people are absolved from submitting GSTR-9 and GSTR-9C.
What’s the due date for filing GSTR 9C, and why is it necessary?
You must file the GSTR-9C before 31st December of the year following the applicable financial year under audit. The due date can be extended by the Government if deemed necessary.
The GSTR-9C statement works as a foundation for the GST authorities to confirm the accuracy of the GST returns recorded by the taxpayers. Chartered Accountants must certify any additional liability emerging out of the reconciliation exercise and GST audit in GSTR-9C.
Contents of the GSTR 9C form
The form is split into two parts:
- Part-A: Reconciliation Statement
- Part-B: Certification
GSTR 9C Part-A: Reconciliation Statement
The figures in the audited financial statements are at the PAN level. Consequently, the turnover, Tax paid, and ITC earned on a particular GSTIN (or State/UT) should be pulled out from the audited accounts of the association in general.
According to Notification No: 56/2019 released on November 14, 2019, for financial years 2017-18 and 2018-19, the following changes were made:
- Details of turnover adjustments to be included in tables 5B to 5N are now optional, and adjustments (if any) that need to be reported can be included in Table 5O.
- A taxpayer may or may not fill the details of ITC reconciliation in tables 12B, 12C, and 14.
The Reconciliation Statement is separated into five parts as follows:
Part-1: Basic details – It consists of the financial year, GSTIN, Legal Name, and Trade Name. The taxpayer should also specify whether he is liable to audit under some other law.
Part-2: Reconciliation of turnover mentioned in the Audited Annual Financial Statement with turnover mentioned in Annual Return (GSTR-9) – This reports the gross and taxable turnover announced in the Annual return with the Audited Financial Statements. Usually, the Audited Financial statements are at a PAN level. This may require the separation of the audited financial statements at the GSTIN level for reporting in GSTR-9C.
Part-3: Reconciliation of tax paid – This segment requires GST rate-wise reporting of the tax liability that emerged according to the accounts and paid as reported in the GSTR-9 individually. Further, taxpayers must also disclose any additional liability arising out of unreconciled differences.
Part-4: Reconciliation of Input Tax Credit (ITC) – This part focused on reconciling input tax credit taken and used by taxpayers as reported in GSTR-9 and the Audited Financial Statement.
It must also include a detailed report of Expenses booked according to the Audited Accounts, with the breakup of eligible and ineligible ITC, and reconciliation of the eligible ITC with the amount claimed under GSTR-9. This declaration comes after the reversal of ITC claims (if any) are considered.
Part-5: Auditor’s recommendation on additional liability due to non-reconciliation – The Auditor should report any tax liability recognised through the reconciliation exercise and GST audit to be paid by the taxpayer. This can be non-reconciliation of turnover or ITC by virtue of :
- Amount paid for supplies excluded from the Annual Returns under GSTR-9.
- Mistaken refund to be repaid.
- Other outstanding demands to be settled.
The format directions of the GSTR-9C give a choice to taxpayers to settle taxes as suggested by the auditor at the end of the reconciliation statement.
GSTR 9C Part-B: Certification
According to Notification No: 56/2019 released on November 14, 2019, for financial years 2017-18 and 2018-19, the accompanying changes were made:
- The declaration part incorporates minor changes, including the declaration by the auditor, which currently peruses “true and fair” rather than “true and correct” before his/her signature and stamp/seal.
The GSTR-9C can either be certified by the CA who conducted the GST audit or by another CA who didn’t conduct the GST Audit for that particular GSTIN. The distinction between both is that if the CA certifying the GSTR-9C didn’t conduct the GST audit, he more likely than not based his assessment on the Books of Accounts audited by another CA in the reconciliation statement. Thus, the format of Part-B for certification reports largely depends on the certifier.